World Hepatitis Day is being observed today to raise global awareness of hepatitis and encourage prevention, diagnosis and treatment. The WHO has recognized viral hepatitis as a serious public health problem in India, stated the report.
According to the latest WHO reports, globally around 400 million people are infected with hepatitis B and C, more than 10 times the number of people living with HIV. And most of these 400 million people with chronic hepatitis B and C, the most serious forms of viral hepatitis, don’t know that they are infected.
In 2010 the World Health Organization made World Hepatitis Day one of only four official disease-specific world health days, to be celebrated each year on the 28th July. Millions of people across the world now take part in World Hepatitis Day, to raise awareness about viral hepatitis, and to call for access to treatment, better prevention programs and government action.
The theme for this year’s global campaign is ‘Elimination’. 2016 is a pivotal year for viral hepatitis. Viral hepatitis is a widely spread infection, Approximately, 400 million people are infected with hepatitis B and C around the world. With the aim to spread awareness about hepatitis 28th July is observed as world hepatitis day every year.
There are five types of Hepatitis Viruses: Hepatitis A, B, C, D, and E; All Hepatitis virus cause liver disease
Modes of transmission:
Hepatitis A and E:
- These are transmitted by Faeco-oral route Infection is transmitted by contaminated water and infected food Poor Hygiene increases the risk of infection.
Hepatitis B and C:
- Transfusions of infected blood and blood products
- Unsafe Injections during medical procedures
- Unsafe sex and other body fluids
- Mother to child Transmission
- Sharing Injection for drug usage
- Vaccine and treatment is available for hepatitis B but There is no vaccine for hepatitis C.
Transmission of both these infections can be prevented by taking certain precautions. Hepatitis testing is key to scaling up hepatitis treatment and care. Get tested for Hepatitis and Be alert to prevent the transmission of Hepatitis.
Every year, World Hepatitis Day is a significant global platform for raising awareness about hepatitis and influence real change in disease prevention, testing and treatment.