SuperBugs are being one of the biggest threats in today’s time. With the newer advances in the development of the antibiotics which are offering resistant to various bugs, the corresponding resistant of the bugs to this antibiotics is also being increasing. Thus with the passage of time bacteria are being much lesser affected by means of this antibiotics and are becoming more life-threatening.
According to the latest findings or survey it is found that superbugs which has become resistant to the Antibiotics could possibly kill about 10 million people every year by the year of 2050. It simply means there is a life threat to one person every three seconds due to this antibiotic resistant superbugs. This newer report into tackling our resistance to the drugs is being released after an investigation of two years by means of the former Goldman Sachs economist Jim O’Neill who are claiming that this superbugs are creating one of the biggest health threats to the mankind.
Superbugs are considered as the strong strands of the bacteria which are normally causing common gut, urinary and even the blood infections but are also becoming quite dangerous as they are quite becoming immune towards the antibiotics which we are currently consuming. Thus some of the related infections becomes incurable unless the newer antibiotics are created for the same. This will be leading to the routine surgeries and even the minor infections which are normally being caused to become life threatening once again.
It could also possibly cost the government upto $138 trillion a year. The expenses which are being taken off by the patients are also going to increase significantly. According to one of the estimates by 2050, quite more than 4.7 million people will die by the main reason of superbugs every year in the region of Asia, 4.1 million from the Africa, 3,92,000 from the South America, 3,90,000 from Europe, 3,17,000 from North America and 22,000 from the region of Oceania according to the report.
Even the chief medical officer from UK being named Professor Dame Sally Davies says that the critical point has been reached for the world and an action is required now. This problem started spreading through hospitals over a couple of years, with about 60 Victorians being affected in the year of 2015. Since 2012 about 18 people has been killed in the region of Victoria due to the reason of superbugs.
Causes of the birth of Superbugs
Long and prolonged consumption of the antibiotics causes the bacteria to develop resistance to the drugs. Nearly 50 percent of the time, drugs are not being prescribed properly, while sometimes it is being consumed when our bodies doesn’t need them at all. Thus, long and prolonged application of antibiotics develops bugs which are resistant to them and can spread quite easily from person to person. WHO says that superbugs could possibly affect the people of any age group or the nationality.
One of the primary for saving from this superbugs is prevention. A person can only save itself from the superbugs by means of the use of proper sanitation procedures and clean water. Improving hygiene and sanitation was the main need for improving counter against the infectious diseases in 19th century and still after two centuries it is the same. One of the prime need for many of the countries in today’s time is limiting the spread of superbugs in hospitals and improving the access to clean water.
Countries should also be promoting the development and use of the alternatives to the antibiotics which includes, vaccines. Vaccines prevent the infections and also lower the demand for the therapeutic treatments, which is leading to the reduced use of the antimicrobials and also slowering the rise of the drug resistance.
Costings to tackle the problem
According to the report the cost for tackling the superbugs would be $55 billion over the next 10 years. The costing will include the developing of the newer drugs which the superbugs are not being resistant to yet. This will need countries to come together and develop an Antimicrobial Resistance Global Innovation Fund which will be having about $3 billion donated to it during just five years. Government needs to afford the remaining budget by allocating resources from the existing health and economic development budgets.
Thus countries would need to invest about $5 billion every year directly over beating the superbugs. If the government takes the pro-action now then it would be required to pay less with the better outcomes. If it remains unprepared then it would be ending up much more money of the tax payer over the far worst outcomes down the line.