Internet of Things (IoT):
Internet of things is one of the most hot topic in today’s time. All of us are covered by numerous devices and we make use of them during the course of daytime and even during night.
These devices are working as we communicate with them (input parameters) for the required amount of work to be performed. This work communications appears to be abit slower as we need to give input parameters to numerous devices for our required operation.
Internet of things is a platform by which all devices which we use are connected via common platform of internet. This will help us to manage out our work more effectively while giving our best output to our final job.
Best example of this is if your car is having access to your calendar, then it can probably pre-identify the best route for your travel to your destination.
If due to traffic issues you are running rate, car can even automatically communicate a text message to whom you want to meet that you are running late.
It even helps when one wakes up at the prescribed time by means of alarm which communicates to coffee maker that you have wake up and start churning coffee.
Coffee maker can also pre-identify when it is running out and based on that it can pre-order the quantities.
This newer theme would greatly influence mankind but would also pose a threat of data security as hacker can hack your toaster and gain access to your whole network.
It would even pose a great amount of data which would be required to be analysed and processed. Newer rule for the future will be “Anything that can be connected, will be connected.”
Source: IBM Think Academy – YouTube
Changes Required in Current Search Engines:
Current internet search mechanisms are required to change for supporting the Internet of Things (IoT) which will be resulting in millions of devices connected.
Payam Barnaghi who is a lead author of the study, Reader in Machine Intelligence at the University of Surrey in England says, “Search engines have come a long way since their original purpose of locating documents, but they still lack the connection between social, physical and cyber data which will be needed in the IoT era.”
Barnaghi adding to the same says, “IoT data retrieval will require efficient and scalable indexing and ranking mechanisms, and also integration between the services provided by smart devices and data discovery.” With more and more IoT devices connecting via Internet, there is an urgent need for developing newer search solutions. It will allow information from IoT sources to be found and extracted.
Even the complex future technologies such as smart cities, autonomous cars and even the environmental monitoring will demand machine to machine searches. It would be automatically generated depending upon the location, preference and local information.
Newer requirements will include being able to access numerical and sensory data and thus providing secure ways for accessing data without exposing device to hackers.
Further adding to the same Barnaghi says, “IoT technologies such as autonomous cars, smart cities and environmental monitoring could have a very positive impact on millions of lives. Our goal is to consider the many complex requirements and develop solutions which will enable these exciting new technologies.”
Working of IoT:
This research is done by academics at the University of Surrey and Wright State University in US. It was published in the journal IEEE Intelligent systems.
In past human users has searched for the information over the web. IoT would be advancing it further to machine-to-machine searches which will be generated automatically based on the location, preferences and local information.
Autonomous vehicles will require to automatically collect data from various sources without any involvement of human user. IoT is presenting a challenge in terms of cyber security.
Applications which were relying over the public data such as smart city technologies are required to be accessible for making them available to wide range of applications and services.
Amit Sheth of the Ohio Center of Excellence in knowledge-enabled computing at Wright State University says, “I see tremendous opportunities to effectively utilise physical (especially IoT), cyber and social data by improving the abilities of machines to convert diverse data into meaningful abstractions that matter to human experiences and decision making.”
Sheth further noted, “IoT search, particularly for devices or machines to interact with each other to find and aggregate relevant information on a human’s behalf, will become a critical enabler.”