Diet is an important factor which is affecting the health of an individual. Various combination of diet which includes right balance of protein and carbohydrate may help to promote good gut health.
This diet will encourage co-operation between ourselves and bacteria in gut.
Source: Just In Health – YouTube
Effect of Protein-Carbohydrate For Gut Health:
Andrew Holmes who is a lead author and associate professor at the University of Sydney in Australia says, “There are many different diet strategies that claim to promote gut health, and until now it has been very difficult to establish clear causality between various types of diet and their effect on the host’s micro biome. This is because there are many complex factors at play, including food composition, eating pattern and genetic background”
In this study, researchers has found that the availability of intestinal nitrogen to microbes in gut is playing a key role in regulating interactions gut microbes and host animal.
Further adding to the same Holmes says, “This research really lays the groundwork for future modelling by setting out the rules for a general model of how diet shapes the gut ecosystem.”
Explaining further he says, “The simple explanation is that when we eat in a way that encourages cooperation between ourselves and bacteria we achieve a good microbiome, but when we eat in a way that doesn’t require cooperation this lets bacteria do whatever they want and mischief can ensue.”
Despite the huge diversity of gut bacteria, two of the response pattern emerged in the study – microbe species has either increased or decreased in their abundance. It was dependent upon the animal’s protein and carbohydrate intake.
Holmes says, “The largest nutrient requirements for our gut bacteria are carbon and nitrogen in the foods we eat. As carbohydrates contain no nitrogen but protein does, the bacterial community response to the host animal’s diet is strongly affected by this diets’ protein-carbohydrate ratio. The fact that this same pattern was seen across almost all groups of gut bacteria indicates that the makeup of the microbial ecosystem is fundamentally shaped by a need to access nitrogen in the intestinal environment.”
This newer research is published in the journal Cell Metabolism. It is latest in the series stemming from the study in which it was composed of 25 different diets of different amounts of protein, carbohydrates and fats. It was systematically varied in 858 mice.
Researchers suggests that this particular model is suggestive that high-carbohydrate diets were more likely to support positive interactions in the microbiome. These type of benefits were relative to the intake of proteins in the host animal.