A new research has found that, consuming foods rich in Omega-3 fatty acids aid in reducing extreme aggression in children within a short period.
Omega-3 fatty acids are naturally found in fatty fish, such as tuna and some nuts and seeds.
For the study, published in the Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, the randomised trial included 290 children who were aged between 11-12 years old with a history of violence.
They were divided into four groups. The first received Omega-3 in the form of juice, as well as multivitamins and calcium for three months.
The second group participated in cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) which focused on the links between thoughts, feelings and behaviours and also practising alternative actions the children could take to deal with difficult situations rather than to emotionally react to something.
The CBT sessions focused on the association between thoughts, feelings and behaviours and included an-hour weekly meeting with child and parents separately, and with both of them together.
The third group took the supplements and participated in CBT, and the fourth received resources and information targeted at reducing aggressive behaviour.
“Immediately after three months of the nutritional intervention rich in Omega-3s, we found a decrease in the children’s reporting of their aggressive behaviour”, said Therese Richmond from the University Of Pennsylvania, US.
Blood samples at the experiment’s start and conclusion measured Omega-3 levels in each child.
The findings showed that adding Omega-3, vitamins and mineral supplements to the diets of children decreased their aggressive and antisocial behaviour.
Likewise, the participants getting the combo of CBT and Omega-3s exhibited less aggression than the therapy-only and control group.