India topped the list of seven nations, accounting for 64 percent of the 10.4 million new tuberculosis cases worldwide in 2016, according to the Global TB Report 2017.
As per the report, released by the World Health Organisation (WHO) on Monday, India saw 27.9 lakh TB cases in 2016, which was down marginally from the previous year’s 28.4 lakh, though.
The country also recorded 4.23 lakh TB deaths (without HIV) in 2016, a slight dip from the 4.8 lakh deaths in 2015.
Also, India along with China and the Russia accounted for almost of half of the 490,000, multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB) cases registered in 2016.
“Almost half of these cases were in India, China and the Russian Federation,” the statement said.
“The sheer numbers of deaths and suffering speak for themselves – we are not accelerating fast enough,” said Dr Mario Raviglione, Director of the WHO Global TB Programme.
The report pointed out that though global efforts to combat tuberculosis (TB) have saved an estimated 53 million lives since 2000 and reduced the TB mortality rate by 37 per cent, the latest picture is grim as TB remains the top infectious killer in 2016.
“TB is also the main cause of deaths related to antimicrobial resistance and the leading killer of people with HIV,” the report states.
Ending the TB epidemic requires action beyond the health sector to address the risk factors and determinants of the disease.
For the first time the Global TB Report presents results from a new multi-sectoral monitoring framework that identifies linkages with the TB epidemic across seven Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
Analysis of the latest status of the indicators for the 30 high TB burden countries show that most will be challenged to reach SDG targets.