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India to switch to bivalent oral polio vaccine from trivalent

ORAL POLIO VACCINE
From April 2016, the trivalent polio vaccine that is currently administered will be replaced by the bivalent variety to reduce incidence of vaccine-derived infections. Image courtesy :- google.

On last Saturday, during the inauguration of Pulse Polio Programme 2016 the government announced their plans to switch to bivalent oral polio vaccine (OPV) from the present trivalent version in “some months”.

Pulse Polio Programme 2016

In presence of the Union Health Minister J.P. Nadda, President Pranab Mukherjee launched the programme by administering oral polio vaccine drops to children at the Rahstrapati Bhavan also informed that the switch will be done in a globally synchronized way.

The New Oral Polio Vaccine Programme

Injectable Polio Vaccine (IPV) Image Courtesy: Google
Injectable Polio Vaccine (IPV) Image Courtesy: Google

India is now enjoying her 5th year of Polio free status and quite enthusiast to keep this status continuing. Thus the government is now ready to launch a new oral polio vaccine.

The current trivalent OPV contains live and weakened versions for all the three types (1, 2 and 3) of wild polio while the new bivalent vaccine will contain type 1 and 3.

From November 2015India has already introduced injectable inactivated polio vaccine (IPV) into its routine immunization programme along with OPV. In the first phase, IPV move has been introduced in Assam, Gujarat, Punjab, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, and Uttar Pradesh.

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