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Human Development Indicators on upswing in BIMARU states


BimarouRecently IAMR (Institute of Applied Manpower Research) under the planning commission has published an updated version of “Human Development Report 2011 – towards Social inclusion”.

BimarouBimarouAccording to the report the socially disadvantaged group have started to share the benefits of the Human Development.

As per the report Muslims have improved in human development as compared to other marginalised groups like the SC, ST and OBC.

Out of the total population in India, about 48% of SCs, 52% of STs and 44% of Muslim’s live in the Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Orissa and Uttarakhand.

As per the report –

Top Performers

Low Performers

Delhi (Highest)




Himachal Pradesh

Madhya Pradesh




Orissa (lowest) 

In health indicators, the SCs and OBCs of the states like Delhi, Himachal Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Kerala have better indices than the upper class of Bihar, Chhattisgarh and Uttar Pradesh.

The SC Literacy rates of Kerala and Delhi is higher than the literacy of the upper castes of Bihar and Rajasthan.

The Muslims have better health outcomes as compared to the Hindus of Jammu and Kashmir, Andhra Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar and Gujarat.

STs of North East have better social indicators as compared to Central and Eastern belt of India.


BIMARU has been described as the bad state of economy in backward states like the Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh. The term BIMARU was first used by Ashish Bose.  Later Orissa was alsoincluded in the list (BIMARUO).

Since some of these states have now started to advance faster than some of the developed states, the concept of BIMARU is starting to become outdated.

About HDI

The HDI is a composite index, consisting of three equally weighted indicators – consumption expenditure (as a proxy for income), education and health.


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