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Google Doodle celebrates legendary Indian artist Gauhar Jaan’s 145th birth anniversary

Image courtesy: Google
Image courtesy: Google

Google marked the 145th birth anniversary of Gauhar Jaan, among the first performers to record music on 78 rpm records.

The legendary musician and dancer was born in Azamgarh, Uttar Pradesh as Angelina Yeoward.

Her father was Armenian and her mother Victoria Hemmings was an Indian by birth.

Gauhar’s mother is often known as “Badi” Malak Jan, because at the time there were three other famous Malak Jans. The designation of Badi, implying that she was the eldest of the Malak Jan’s.

Gauhar embraced Islam and remained a devout Muslim all her life, though most of her compositions were replete with Krishna bhakti.

India’s first recording sessions included Gauhar Jaan, singing a khayal in Raag Jogiya, recorded by Fred Gaisberg of the Gramophone Company.

The sessions began on 8 November 1902 and over the course of six weeks, more than 500 matrices were recorded of local artists.

The records were manufactured in Germany and shipped to India in April 1903.

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