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Study: Drinking more water brings numerous dietary benefits

University of Illinois kinesiology and community health professor Ruopeng An found that people who increased their consumption of plain water by 1 percent decreased the number of calories they consumed, as well as the amounts of sugar, sodium, fat and cholesterol they took in daily. (Image Courtesy: Google)

According to the latest study being carried out by the University of Illinois kinesiology and community, health professor Ruopeng An, increasing the water content in our body is likely to decrease the caloric consumption in our body. According to him increasing the water consumption by one, two or three cups daily increases the energy intake by 68 to 205 calories and even their sodium intake got decreased by 78 to 235 grams.

This new study being conducted has examined the dietary habits of 18,300 US adults and have found that majority of the adults who has increased the consumption of their plain water or the water from a cooler had reduction of 1 percent in their total daily caloric intake along with their consumption of saturated fat, sugar, sodium and even the cholesterol.

Americans reporting drinking water in a given day. (Image Courtesy: Google)
Americans reporting drinking water in a given day. (Image Courtesy: Google)

Increased Water Intake: Impact over the body

The increase in the intake of water by one, two or three cups decreased the energy intake by 68 to 205 calories and their sodium intake by 78 to 235 grams. They also consumed about 5 to 18 grams of less sugar and even the decrease in their cholesterol consumption by 7 to 21 grams.

An commenting over the study says that the results were being similar across different race/ethnicity, education and income levels and even the status of their body weight. Thus it will be quite sufficient in designing and delivering the universal nutrition interventions and educational campaigns which will be promoting the consumption of the plain water in replacement of the beverages which is being containing calories in diverse population subgroups without profound concerns about the message and even the strategy customisation.

Data analysis of the study

They have examined the data from the four waves (2005-2012) which included National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, being conducted by the National center for the Health and Statistics. Participants of this were being asked to recall about what they ate or drank over the course of two days which were three to 10 days apart.

They calculated the total quantity of the water consumed by the individual, which also included the amount of the intake of water from their food and beverages combined. Beverages which included unsweetened black tea, herbal tea, coffee were not being counted for the source of the plain water, but the water content which is being included in them were being counted.

Statistics of the collected data

On an average, a participant which is being consuming about 4.2 cups of the plain water over the daily basis and is being accounting for the slightly more than the 30% of the total dietary water intake. Participants dietary intake included 2,157 calories, which included 125 calories from the sugar sweetened beverages and 432 calories being intake from the discretionary foods, which are of lower nutrition, caloric dense foods like desserts, pastries and snacks mixes and includes a variety of them which can not be included in a healthy diet.

A small but quite significant about 1 percent increase in the participants intake of the water got associated with the reduction of 8.6 calorie decrease in the daily caloric intake. It also included slight reduction in the reduction of the participants intake of the sugar-sweetened beverages and even discretionary foods. It also caused the significant reduction in the intake of fat, sugar, sodium and even the cholesterol.

An found that these decreases are being significant among the men and among the young and even the middle aged adults. He suggested that these could have been associated with the group of higher caloric intakes.

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