A virtual reality experience of being in Albert Einstein’s body can help people with low self-esteem score better on cognitive tests, a study has found. The perception of having Einstein’s body may help unlock previously inaccessible mental resources, researchers said.
Following a virtual reality “Einstein” experience, participants were also less likely to unconsciously stereotype older people.
Published in Frontiers in Psychology, the study suggests the way our brain perceives our body is surprisingly flexible. The researchers hope the technique will be useful for education. “Virtual reality can create the illusion of a virtual body to substitute your own, which is called virtual embodiment,” said Mel Slater, a professor at the University of Barcelona in Spain.
To find out, the researchers recruited 30 young men to participate in a virtual embodiment experiment. Prior to the embodiment, the participants completed three tests: a cognitive task to reveal their planning and problem-solving skills; a task to quantify their self-esteem; and one to identify any implicit bias towards older people. This final task was to investigate whether the experience of having an older appearance simulation could change attitudes to older people. The study participants then donned a body-tracking suit and a virtual reality headset. Half experienced a virtual Einstein body and the other half a normal adult body.
After completing some exercises in the virtual environment with their new body, they repeated the implicit bias and cognitive tests. The researchers found that people with low self-esteem performed the cognitive task better following the virtual Einstein experience, compared with those who experienced a normal body of someone their own age. Those exposed to the Einstein body also had a reduced implicit bias against older people. Crucially, cognitive enhancements only occurred in people with low self-esteem.
The researchers hypothesize that those with low self-esteem had the most to gain by changing how they thought about themselves. Seeing themselves in the body of a respected and intelligent scientist may have enhanced their confidence during the cognitive test.